Manajemen Rantai Pasokan : Pengertian dan Penjelasannya | Anyabila

Manajemen Rantai Pasokan : Pengertian dan Penjelasannya

Pengertian supply chain management / manajemen rantai pasokan adalah pengelolaan seluruh aliran produksi barang atau jasa mulai dari komponen mentah, hingga pengiriman produk akhir ke konsumen. Sehingga pada supply chain management sebuah perusahaan harus menciptakan jaringan pemasok (“link“) yang memindahkan produk dari pemasok bahan baku ke perusahaan yang berhubungan langsung dengan pengguna.

6 Proses Manajemen Rantai Pasokan

Setiap fase utama pergerakan produk melalui rantai pasokan dari bahan hingga produksi dan distribusi memiliki proses dan disiplin bisnis yang berbeda. Prosesnya mulai dari mencari tahu apa yang pelanggan inginkan.

Langkah awal perencanaan rantai pasokan yaitu, dengan perencanaan permintaan dan proses untuk mengumpulkan data historis, seperti penjualan pertahun. Kemudian, menerapkan analisis dan pemodelan statistik untuk membuat perkiraan atau rencana permintaan produk dari departemen penjualan ke departemen operasional. Perkiraan ini untuk menentukan jenis dan jumlah produk.

Beberapa perusahaan melakukan perencanaan permintaan sebagai bagian dari proses formal yang disebut perencanaan penjualan dan operasi. Kemudian, menetapkan proses berulang pengumpulan data, diskusi, rekonsiliasi rencana permintaan dengan rencana produksi dan persetujuan manajemen.

Beberapa perusahaan memasukkan perencanaan ini dalam proses yang lebih luas. Perencanaan ini terkenal dengan sebutan perencanaan bisnis terpadu (IBP) yang menggabungkan rencana departemen lain dalam satu rencana tunggal di seluruh perusahaan.

6 tahapan manajemen rantai pasokan

Supply chain management memiliki 6 tahapan/ komponen, yaitu:

1. Perencanaan (Planning)

Rencanakan dan kelola semua sumber daya yang perusahaan butuhkan untuk memenuhi permintaan pelanggan akan produk atau layanan perusahaan. Kemudian, ketika rantai pasokan telah ada, tentukan standar untuk mengukur apakah rantai pasokan efisien, efektif, memberikan nilai kepada pelanggan dan memenuhi tujuan perusahaan.

Baca Juga:  Urutan Jabatan Dalam Perusahaan

2. Sumber (Sourching)

Pilih pemasok untuk menyediakan barang dan jasa yang perusahaan butuhkan untuk menciptakan produk. Kemudian, buat proses untuk memantau dan mengelola hubungan dengan pemasok. Proses utama termasuk memesan, menerima, mengelola inventaris, dan melakukan pembayaran ke pemasok.

3. Pembuatan (Making)

Mengatur kegiatan yang perusahaan perlukan untuk menerima bahan baku, memproduksi produk, menguji kualitas, mengirimkan produk dan membuat jadwal pengiriman.

4. Pengiriman/ logistik (Delivery)

Mengkoordinasikan pesanan pelanggan, menjadwalkan pengiriman, mengirimkan barang, menagih pembayaran pelanggan, dan menerima pembayaran.

5. Pengembalian (Returning)

Buat jaringan atau proses untuk mengambil kembali produk yang cacat, berlebih, atau tidak diinginkan.

6. Penyanggupan (Enabling)

Menetapkan proses dukungan untuk memantau informasi di seluruh rantai pasokan dan memastikan kepatuhan dengan semua peraturan. Proses yang memungkinkan meliputi: keuangan, sumber daya manusia, IT, manajemen fasilitas, desain produk, penjualan dan jaminan kualitas.

Manfaat Rantai Pasokan

Manajemen rantai pasokan menghasilkan manfaat seperti efisiensi, laba lebih tinggi, biaya lebih rendah, dan meningkatkan hubungan bisnis. Oleh karena itu, manajemen rantai pasokan memungkinkan perusahaan untuk mengelola permintaan dengan lebih baik, membawa persediaan dalam jumlah yang tepat, menangani masalah dalam proses, menjaga biaya seminimal mungkin dan memenuhi permintaan pelanggan dengan cara yang seefektif mungkin. Manfaat manajemen rantai pasokan/ SCM ini diperoleh dengan memilih strategi yang efektif dan perangkat lunak yang sesuai untuk mengelola kompleksitas rantai pasokan yang berkembang saat ini.

Baca juga:
1. Sifat dan prinsip manajemen operasional
2. Mengenal manajemen keanekaragaman

Pentingnya Manajemen Rantai Pasokan

Kegiatan supply chain management dapat meningkatkan layanan pelanggan. Jika dilakukan secara efektif, dapat membantu untuk memastikan kepuasan pelanggan dengan memastikan produk yang diperlukan tersedia di lokasi yang benar pada waktu yang tepat. Dengan meningkatkan tingkat kepuasan pelanggan, perusahaan dapat membangun dan meningkatkan loyalitas pelanggan.

Baca Juga:  Organisasi Formal Dan Informal : Perbedaan dan Penjelasan Lengkap

Supply chain management juga memberikan keuntungan besar bagi perusahaan dengan mengurangi biaya operasional. Kegiatan tersebut dapat mengurangi biaya pembelian, produksi dan total rantai pasokan. Menurunkan biaya meningkatkan posisi keuangan perusahaan dengan meningkatkan laba dan arus kas. Selain itu, jika manajemen rantai pasokan diberlakukan secara optimal dapat meminimalkan penggunaan aset tetap besar yang berlebihan seperti gudang dan kendaraan. Peran penting manajemen rantai pasokan dalam masyarakat adalah membantu memastikan kelangsungan hidup manusia dengan meningkatkan layanan kesehatan.

Supply chain management juga dapat meningkatkan kualitas hidup dengan mendorong penciptaan lapangan kerja, memberikan landasan bagi pertumbuhan ekonomi dan meningkatkan standar kehidupan. Menyediakan banyak peluang kerja, karena para profesional rantai pasokan merancang dan mengendalikan semua rantai pasokan dalam masyarakat serta mengelola kontrol persediaan, pergudangan, pengemasan, dan logistik. Masyarakat dengan infrastruktur rantai pasokan yang kuat dan maju dapat secara efisien bertukar barang dengan biaya lebih rendah, memungkinkan konsumen membeli lebih banyak produk sehingga memberikan pertumbuhan ekonomi dan meningkatkan standar kehidupan.

Faktor Pendukung Manajemen Rantai Pasokan

Rantai pasokan adalah “wajah” bisnis yang paling jelas bagi pelanggan. Semakin baik dan semakin efektif SCM perusahaan, semakin baik ia melindungi reputasi bisnis dan keberlanjutan jangka panjangnya.

Simon Ellis dari IDC dalam The Thinking Supply Chain mengidentifikasi lima “C” yang dapat mengefektifkan SCM:

  • Terhubung (Connected): Mampu mengakses data dari media sosial, data dari Internet of Things (IoT) dan lebih banyak set data tradisional yang tersedia melalui alat integrasi ERP dan B2B tradisional.
  • Kolaboratif (Collaborative): Meningkatkan kolaborasi dengan pemasok maka penggunaan jaringan perdagangan berbasis cloud untuk memungkinkan kerjasama dan keterlibatan multi-perusahaan.
  • Sadar dunia maya (Cyber aware): Rantai pasokan harus menguatkan sistemnya dari peretasan maya yang seharusnya menjadi perhatian perusahaan.
  • Diaktifkan secara kognitif ( Cognitively enabled ): Platform AI menjadi menara kontrol rantai pasokan modern dengan menyusun, mengoordinasi, dan melakukan keputusan dan tindakan di seluruh rantai pasokan.
  • Komprehensif (Comprehensive): Kemampuan analisis harus ditingkatkan dengan data secara real time.
Baca Juga:  pendapat frederick winslow taylor tentang manajemen

191 Replies to “Manajemen Rantai Pasokan : Pengertian dan Penjelasannya

  1. Neither do we what is priligy longum, and Zingiber officinale Herbal therapies, including butterbur, Tinospora cordifolia, a mixture of cinnamon bark, Spanish needle, and acerola, Benifuuki green tea, Yupingfeng granules, ginseng, and Tonggyu-tang Topical treatments, including capsaicin, cellulose powder, and a petrolatum-based allergen-absorbing ointment

  2. These data were supported by consistent reports of improvement in Clinical Global Impression of change in PE following treatment with dapoxetine daily cialis online The success may be even more inhuman and inhuman, so many kendo sects otc male enhancement reviews Bigger Harder Erections have explicitly banned it

  3. These are unique chewable forms of sildenafil and tadalafil same active ingredients in Viagra and Cialis , which are proven to work for most men with ED buying cheap cialis online Offers Viagra and Cialis as well as their generics Offers fast-acting Stendra, which is effective in just 15 minutes Pills range from 3- 139 per use No shipping fee Pills arrive 5-7 days after ordering

  4. I’m gone to convey my little brother, that he should also pay
    a quick visit this website on regular basis to get updated from newest information.

  5. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thanks, However I am experiencing problems with your RSS.
    I don’t know the reason why I can’t join it.
    Is there anyone else having similar RSS problems?
    Anyone who knows the solution can you kindly respond?
    Thanks!!

  6. One thing I would like to reply to is that fat burning plan fast may be accomplished by the right diet and exercise. People’s size not just affects appearance, but also the entire quality of life. Self-esteem, depressive disorder, health risks, and physical ability are damaged in putting on weight. It is possible to just make everything right but still gain. If this happens, a problem may be the offender. While too much food and never enough physical exercise are usually guilty, common medical ailments and key prescriptions might greatly add to size. Thx for your post here.

  7. I have really learned newer and more effective things by means of your site. One other thing I’d like to say is that often newer computer system operating systems have a tendency to allow additional memory for use, but they in addition demand more ram simply to operate. If someone’s computer could not handle extra memory and also the newest computer software requires that memory space increase, it could be the time to shop for a new Laptop or computer. Thanks

  8. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you could do with some pics to drive the message home a little bit, but instead of that, this is great blog. An excellent read. I will definitely be back.

  9. I’m typically to blogging and i really recognize your content. The article has actually peaks my interest. I’m going to bookmark your website and maintain checking for new information.

  10. Thank you for some other informative web site. Where else may just I get that type of info written in such an ideal means? I’ve a mission that I’m simply now running on, and I’ve been on the glance out for such information.

  11. One thing I would like to say is the fact that before getting more computer memory, check out the machine in to which it can be installed. In the event the machine is actually running Windows XP, for instance, the actual memory threshold is 3.25GB. Using in excess of this would merely constitute any waste. Make certain that one’s motherboard can handle the upgrade volume, as well. Thanks for your blog post.

  12. Thanks for the recommendations you have discussed here. Yet another thing I would like to state is that pc memory demands generally rise along with other improvements in the technologies. For instance, as soon as new generations of processors are brought to the market, there is usually a similar increase in the shape calls for of both pc memory as well as hard drive room. This is because software program operated simply by these processor chips will inevitably rise in power to benefit from the new technological know-how.

  13. Definitely believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification seemed to be on the web the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get irked while people consider worries that they plainly don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  14. One thing I’d really like to say is that often before purchasing more laptop memory, look into the machine into which it could be installed. If the machine will be running Windows XP, for instance, the memory limit is 3.25GB. Applying over this would purely constitute some sort of waste. Make certain that one’s mother board can handle the upgrade amount, as well. Great blog post.

  15. Thank you for this article. I will also like to mention that it can end up being hard when you’re in school and merely starting out to establish a long credit standing. There are many college students who are simply just trying to make it and have long or good credit history can occasionally be a difficult factor to have.

  16. My brother suggested I might like this blog. He was entirely right. This post actually made my day. You can not imagine just how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  17. I have observed that charges for on-line degree gurus tend to be a terrific value. Like a full College Degree in Communication in the University of Phoenix Online consists of Sixty credits with $515/credit or $30,900. Also American Intercontinental University Online makes available Bachelors of Business Administration with a whole study course feature of 180 units and a cost of $30,560. Online degree learning has made having your diploma far more easy because you could earn your degree from the comfort of your house and when you finish from office. Thanks for all the tips I have really learned from your site.

  18. I’ve observed that in the world these days, video games will be the latest popularity with children of all ages. Periodically it may be impossible to drag your children away from the activities. If you want the very best of both worlds, there are several educational video games for kids. Interesting post.

  19. Hey There. I found your blog the use of msn. That is a very smartly written article. I?ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to read extra of your helpful info. Thank you for the post. I will definitely comeback.

  20. One thing is that while you are searching for a student loan you may find that you’ll want a cosigner. There are many scenarios where this is true because you may find that you do not possess a past history of credit so the loan provider will require you have someone cosign the borrowed funds for you. Interesting post.

  21. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive learn something like this before. So nice to seek out somebody with some unique thoughts on this subject. realy thanks for beginning this up. this website is one thing that’s needed on the net, someone with slightly originality. helpful job for bringing something new to the web!

  22. Hi, I do think this is a great blog. I stumbledupon it 😉 I’m going to revisit once again since i have book marked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.

  23. Hi, I do believe this is an excellent blog. I stumbledupon it 😉 I may return yet again since i have book marked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

  24. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read something like this before. So nice to find someone with some original ideas on this subject. realy thanks for starting this up. this web site is one thing that’s needed on the net, someone with somewhat originality. useful job for bringing something new to the web!

  25. Having read this I believed it was really enlightening. I appreciate you spending some time and effort to put this content together. I once again find myself personally spending way too much time both reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worth it.

  26. I’ve been browsing online more than three hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.

  27. The very crux of your writing while sounding reasonable originally, did not sit perfectly with me personally after some time. Somewhere throughout the sentences you managed to make me a believer but only for a while. I however have a problem with your leaps in assumptions and one might do well to fill in those gaps. When you actually can accomplish that, I would surely end up being impressed.

  28. Thanks for revealing your ideas. I’d personally also like to mention that video games have been actually evolving. Technology advances and revolutions have aided create genuine and enjoyable games. These kinds of entertainment games were not as sensible when the actual concept was first being tried out. Just like other areas of technological know-how, video games also have had to progress as a result of many years. This is testimony on the fast growth and development of video games.

  29. I have really learned new things by means of your web site. One other thing I would really like to say is always that newer computer operating systems tend to allow much more memory to be utilized, but they as well demand more ram simply to perform. If an individual’s computer can’t handle far more memory and also the newest software package requires that ram increase, it usually is the time to buy a new Personal computer. Thanks

  30. Today, with the fast way of life that everyone is having, credit cards have a big demand in the economy. Persons throughout every discipline are using credit card and people who aren’t using the card have made up their minds to apply for one in particular. Thanks for expressing your ideas on credit cards.

  31. Another thing I have really noticed is always that for many people, poor credit is the response to circumstances above their control. As an example they may be really saddled with illness and as a consequence they have more bills going to collections. It can be due to a work loss or inability to do the job. Sometimes divorce proceedings can really send the money in the undesired direction. Thanks sharing your opinions on this weblog.

  32. One important issue is that while you are searching for a education loan you may find that you will want a cosigner. There are many situations where this is true because you might find that you do not possess a past credit standing so the loan provider will require that you have someone cosign the loan for you. Good post.

  33. An attention-grabbing discussion is value comment. I believe that it is best to write more on this matter, it won’t be a taboo subject however generally persons are not enough to talk on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  34. I used to be recommended this web site by way of my cousin. I’m now not positive whether this publish is written by him as no one else realize such precise approximately my difficulty. You’re wonderful! Thank you!

  35. Thanks for your short article. I would also love to say a health insurance dealer also works for the benefit of the coordinators of any group insurance policies. The health agent is given a directory of benefits looked for by somebody or a group coordinator. Exactly what a broker does indeed is find individuals or even coordinators which often best go with those requirements. Then he reveals his referrals and if all sides agree, the broker formulates a legal contract between the two parties.

  36. A further issue is that video games are normally serious in nature with the key focus on knowing things rather than enjoyment. Although, there is an entertainment element to keep your children engaged, each game is generally designed to develop a specific set of skills or program, such as math concepts or scientific discipline. Thanks for your posting.

  37. What i don’t realize is actually how you’re no longer actually a lot more well-appreciated than you might be now. You are so intelligent. You recognize therefore significantly on the subject of this matter, made me individually consider it from a lot of numerous angles. Its like women and men aren’t involved unless it is one thing to accomplish with Girl gaga! Your own stuffs excellent. All the time deal with it up!

  38. Good day! I could have sworn I’ve been to your blog before but after browsing through some of the articles I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m certainly happy I came across it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back frequently!

  39. I’m impressed, I have to admit. Rarely do I come across a blog that’s both educative and interesting, and without a doubt, you have hit the nail on the head. The issue is something which not enough people are speaking intelligently about. I am very happy that I found this during my search for something concerning this.

  40. Nice read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing some research on that. And he actually bought me lunch as I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!

  41. I’m impressed, I must say. Seldom do I come across a blog that’s equally educative and interesting, and let me tell you, you have hit the nail on the head. The issue is something that not enough folks are speaking intelligently about. I am very happy that I came across this during my hunt for something regarding this.

  42. A person necessarily help to make seriously articles I would state. That is the first time I frequented your web page and thus far? I amazed with the research you made to make this particular put up amazing. Excellent job!

  43. I was recommended this blog by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my difficulty. You’re amazing! Thanks!

  44. I?m impressed, I have to say. Actually hardly ever do I encounter a blog that?s each educative and entertaining, and let me inform you, you’ve gotten hit the nail on the head. Your thought is excellent; the difficulty is something that not enough persons are speaking intelligently about. I am very glad that I stumbled throughout this in my search for something regarding this.

  45. I seriously love your blog.. Very nice colors & theme. Did you build this web site yourself? Please reply back as I’m looking to create my own blog and want to learn where you got this from or exactly what the theme is named. Many thanks.

  46. Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Thanks, However I am having problems with your RSS. I don’t understand the reason why I cannot subscribe to it. Is there anybody having identical RSS problems? Anyone who knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanx!

  47. I used to be very pleased to search out this web-site.I wished to thanks on your time for this glorious read!! I definitely enjoying each little little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to take a look at new stuff you weblog post.

  48. I have been exploring for a little bit for any high quality articles or blog posts on this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this site. Reading this information So i?m happy to convey that I’ve an incredibly good uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I most certainly will make sure to don?t forget this web site and give it a look on a constant basis.

  49. Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon everyday. It’s always exciting to read articles from other authors and practice something from their web sites.

  50. I know of the fact that currently, more and more people are increasingly being attracted to camcorders and the field of pictures. However, being a photographer, you will need to first commit so much time deciding the model of photographic camera to buy as well as moving out of store to store just so you could possibly buy the most affordable camera of the trademark you have decided to pick out. But it would not end just there. You also have to take into account whether you should obtain a digital dslr camera extended warranty. Thanks for the good suggestions I accumulated from your web site.

  51. We’re a gaggle of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your website provided us with useful info to work on. You’ve done an impressive activity and our entire group will likely be thankful to you.

  52. I blog quite often and I really appreciate your content. Your article has really peaked my interest. I will book mark your blog and keep checking for new details about once per week. I subscribed to your RSS feed too.

  53. Hello there! This blog post could not be written any better! Looking through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He constantly kept preaching about this. I most certainly will send this article to him. Fairly certain he’s going to have a very good read. I appreciate you for sharing!

  54. A motivating discussion is definitely worth comment. I believe that you should publish more about this topic, it may not be a taboo matter but generally people do not speak about such issues. To the next! All the best!

  55. An interesting discussion is definitely worth comment. I do think that you should publish more on this subject matter, it may not be a taboo matter but typically folks don’t discuss such subjects. To the next! Many thanks!

  56. A motivating discussion is worth comment. I believe that you should publish more on this subject matter, it might not be a taboo subject but typically folks don’t discuss such subjects. To the next! Best wishes!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.